Jean, who became famous as » Holland’s «, is considered a drink for real men . His take on breast brave British and Dutch soldiers, and the ocean was his ardent admirer himself an American President George Washington
The main feature of this hard liquor (about 45 °) lays in its formulation, a mandatory component of which is the juniper — coniferous plant with cones, shrub or tree of the cypress family. Useful qualities of juniper were evaluated in another prescription. History has information on the use of the plant for skin diseases and snake bites.
First considered the forerunner of the modern gin tincture of juniper, which was prepared by Dutch monks in the XII century. She served as a cure for the bubonic plague. Later, in the XVI century, treated with juniper miracle began Dutch Professor Francis de la Bois, who was nicknamed Dr. Silvius. He worked on the creation of an effective medication with a diuretic effect which would help with kidney disease. To this end, Francis joined Silvius infusion of juniper berries and alcohol. Means possible not only heals, but also with an interesting taste. Besides his production did not require significant financial costs. And therefore of medications for gout and pain in the stomach, it quickly «retrained» in affordable drink and went far beyond the pharmacy shelves.
The name of this drink was the main ingredient: French juniper sounds like «genievre», and in Dutch — «jenever». Gradually the word being modified, and not without the help of the British, was reduced to a concise «gin».
This flavored drink fond of Dutch soldiers did not remain indifferent to him and their allies the British, who called gin «Dutch valor.» After some time, began producing gin and port cities in the UK. At first he was a drink of the poor, as cost mere pennies. By the way, thanks to its low cost gin covered England wave of indiscriminate drinking. Deal with this scourge could only fragrant by introducing taxes — then gin gradually moved into the category of elite drinks.
Today it is produced by the distillation of alcohol (wheat, corn, barley or rye). Classical formulation of gin is 3 mandatory ingredients — juniper, alcohol and water. But producers are not alien to modern experiments: they do not regret for her drink flavor components and generously add to it different type spices cardamom, ginger, cinnamon, anise, licorice, etc.
Making gin begins with cleaning alcohol. The next stage — its distillation (distillation) in a special apparatus. Flavoring in the drink can add two methods: they are placed on the alcohol (this kind of gin called «distilled gin») or added with an alcohol distiller. Distilled alcohol, usually twice, whereupon it was diluted with purified from salts and impurities with water to obtain the necessary strength. Some types of this drink still subjected to a brief exposure to oak barrels. By the way, from different manufacturer’s fortress gin markedly different, so in the last century was a special law, which banned produce this beverage strength below 37.5%.
Usual gin taste too dry, therefore it is rarely used in its pure form. It is often diluted with carbonated mineral water, soda, and juice or mixed with other alcoholic beverages. By the way, now popular cocktail «Gin and tonic «was born in India as a cure for malaria among military colonial British Army. It was already known that quinine tonic consists of having a bitter taste, and someone’s head visited win idea to add it to the gin for better taste.
There are two main categories of gin:
1. Dutch Gin, i.e. Danish or Dutch. To obtain it in wheat and barley malt added dry juniper berries, aromatic herbs and spices (according to the recipe). The mixture is fermented and distilled twice. Strong drink is obtained; it is usually drunk chilled and undiluted.
2. London Dry Gin, ie London, or English. It is prepared on the basis of grain alcohol production, which is diluted with water to 45 °, then mixed with the infusion of juniper berries and aromatic ingredients and again distilled. This is one of the most expensive and high-quality gins, «status» are confirmed by the presence on the label inscription «distilled gin».
There are several other minor species of the drink. One of them — Yellow gin — is a real rarity. It’s kept in barrels that previously were a Spanish sherry. Drink differs sunny golden hue and fresh rich taste.
Composition and useful properties of gin
This alcoholic beverage can be used for grinding and prevention of colds. If you mix 2 tablespoons gin, honey and juice of one bulb, you get a good remedy for bronchitis, which is necessary to use a teaspoon with an interval of 3 hours. There is another simple recipe: 50 g + gin brewed chamomile (per 100 ml of water should take 2 tablespoons plants). It means to take an expectorant effect on dining boat before meals 2-3 — times a day.
Radiculitis help compresses on the basis of «Hollands «. A mixture of 2 tbsp. liter. Gin and fresh juices of white radish and onion spread on gauze and put to the painful area, covered with polyethylene wrap and warming warm cloth.
Harm and contraindications
Regular consumption of gin in heavy doses will cause alcohol dependency and disorders of the cardiovascular system. Because you are hypersensitive juniper gin can provoke allergic reactions. For the same reason, this strong drink even a minimal amount contraindicated in people with hypertension and nephritis.
Particularly harmful organism delivers inferior gin or fake. The first sign of a low-grade beverage considered its sweet taste.