Cognac drink. Description, composition, properties, use, damage

Cognac drink. Description, composition, properties, use, damage

Cognac drink — a noble drink, named after a small town in the southwest of France, where it was first produced

Description Cognac drinks

Cognac drink — is the native French alcoholic beverage obtained by distillation of white wines and then aged in oak barrels. Drink got its name after the French town of Cognac, where already in the XII century, was created several large vineyards. French first made wine grape that is transported by sea in the Nordic countries. However, when transporting wine is not very good preserved its consumer qualities, and now to the XVII century, new technologies to produce distilled from wine, which does not change its properties in maritime transport. Distilled from wine was more aromatic and saturated compared to conventional wine, and its transportation cost the much cheaper. French noticed that is stored in oak casks distilled from wine improve its taste, and that after aging in oak trash drink becomes usable undiluted. By the XIX century in Cognac and other major French cities distillate begins filling glass bottles and vineyards with resistant to disease and weather conditions varieties significantly increased.

Currently Cognac drink is produced in Georgia, Armenia, in the North Caucasus, as well as in Spain, Greece and other countries. However, these cognacs manufacturers in European countries called brandy, as have the name on the label «Sognac » (i.e. » Cognac » in Latin script ) are eligible only drinks French manufacturers . Cognac drink

For cognac production using special varieties of white grapes: Ugni Blanc, Colombard, Montilla, Folle Blanche, gathering which takes place in mid-October. After the harvest, pressed grape juice is sent to fermentation, which lasts about three weeks, and then distilling. French legislation prohibits in the manufacturing process enhance substances such as sugar and sulfates. In the process of distillation fraction recovered strength 69-72 % alcohol, which is then sent to oak barrels for further aging and eventually becomes cognac. The minimum aging period in oak barrels beverage — 30 months. To improve the color of the product is allowed to use caramel or alcohol tincture on oak shavings. Colors finished brandy can vary from light amber to a pale brown with a golden hue. Quality drink should be transparent, without impurities and inclusions, and have an oily consistency. Fortress cognac at least 40%. Depending on the «age» of brandy belonging to a specific category: permissible exposure from three (» three stars «) to six (» six-star «) years. But on the labels of vintage cognacs asterisks can see abbreviation : HF (cognac aged at least six years ) , KVVK (cognac aged premium to be at least eight years ) , the COP ( brandy old age is not less than ten years ) . Total about 20,000 known cognac houses producing this drink , the most famous of which are the Hennessy ( Hennessy ), Remy Martin ( Remy Martin ), Martell ( Martel ), Bisquit ( Biscuit ) .

Cognac drink to drink at room temperature. It is not cooled as vodka, and do not heat as evaporate some of the flavor and enhance the taste of alcohol. Glasses of brandy, usually broad and squat, are spherical, narrowed to the top of the form. Such glass held in the palm, warming drink warm his hands, and rotate the cup brandy on the walls, enjoying the aroma of the beverage. Experts recommend opening a bottle of brandy for half an hour before meals to spread its fragrance in the room. The French traditionally combine with chocolate cognac and cigars. In Russia there was a tradition to eat a slice of cognac with fresh or candied lemon. Although Europeans believe that lemon «scores» exquisite taste of cognac and is the worst starter to this drink. But coffee mousse, apple charlotte, walnut soufflé and sweet fruit aftertaste reveal excellent brandy.

Cognac drink

Composition, properties and use of Cognac drink

Composition of cognac quite diverse. The major share of its components comprises alcohols, organic acids, and ethyl esters. Cognac has beneficial effects on the body and has antioxidant properties due to it being in biologically active substances. Thus, the content of tannin in its structure and tannins improves body perception vitamin C. In addition, tannins have anti-inflammatory action. Cognac dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure. It increases the appetite and the production of gastric juice and in some cases even eliminates stomach cramps. Naturally, the better the brandy, the more beneficial it affects the body. Warmed brandy with honey and lemon is effective against colds and sore throat. It is believed that a few drops of brandy added to black tea, promote immune function.

Harm and contraindications drink Cognac

Despite the positive properties that have cognac on the body, they should not be abused. Studies show that the optimal daily amount consumed brandy should not be more than 30 grams. And brandy should be used in pure form, but do not mix it with tonic, soda and cocktails. However, any amount of brandy, even the most minimal, is contraindicated in people with diabetes, as well as those prone to alcoholism.